Executive Summaries of All CRS Reports

Friday, February 28, 2014

The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA): Issues for the 113th Congress – R42886

The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), a ... http://p.ost.im/88HLEU

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic – R42507

This report provides references to analytical reports on cybersecurity fr ... http://p.ost.im/88qwyC

China/Taiwan: Evolution of the “One China” Policy-Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, and Taipei – RL30341

Despite broadly consistent statements, the U.S. “one China” policy co ... http://p.ost.im/8R7SCk

Carbon Capture and Sequestration: Research, Development, and Demonstration at the U.S. Department of Energy – R42496

On September 20, 2013, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) re- ... http://p.ost.im/8NWwck

The 2014 Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) and Defense Strategy: Issues for Congress – R43403

By statute, the Department of Defense (DOD) is required, by Section 118, ... http://p.ost.im/8NJ76d

U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions – RL32185

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea established a compreh ... http://p.ost.im/8LguuC

America COMPETES Acts: FY2008-FY2013 Funding Tables – R42779

Major provisions of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010 are ... http://p.ost.im/8LeHAV

Career and Technical Education (CTE): A Primer – R42748

Career and Technical Education (CTE), often referred to as vocational edu ... http://p.ost.im/8N3nqL

Congressional Budget Resolutions: Historical Information – RL30297

The Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (Titles I-IX of P.L. 93-344, as amen ... http://p.ost.im/88T6RF

Lebanon: Background and U.S. Policy – R42816

Lebanon’s small geographic size and population belie the important role ... http://p.ost.im/8NxSTq

Daily Report of CRS Documents 02/28/2014

Friday February 28, 2014 Order ID Title Pages Issue Date Author/Division ... http://p.ost.im/8RscnJ

Firearms at Army Corps Water Resources Projects: Proposed Legislation and Issues for Congress – R42602

As part of its civil works mission, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers mana ... http://p.ost.im/88YPxD

Visa Waiver Program – RL32221

The visa waiver program (VWP) allows nationals from certain countries to ... http://p.ost.im/8LLB76

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress – R42567

The Coast Guard’s program of record (POR) calls for procuring 8 Nationa ... http://p.ost.im/8RX2dQ

Thursday, February 27, 2014

The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and Its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape – RL32589

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent federal age ... http://p.ost.im/8NL98m

The FutureGen Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project: A Brief History and Issues for Congress – R43028

More than a decade after the George W. Bush Administration announced its ... http://p.ost.im/8NR7Cc

The Defense Production Act of 1950: History, Authorities, and Reauthorization – R43118

The Defense Production Act (DPA) of 1950 (P.L. 81-774, 50 U.S.C. Appx § ... http://p.ost.im/8LnumG

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions – RL32760

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant funds a wi ... http://p.ost.im/8L6Nys

Mandatory Minimum Sentencing Legislation in the 113th Congress – R43296

Defendants convicted of violating certain federal criminal laws face the ... http://p.ost.im/88BK6Y

Itemized Tax Deductions for Individuals: Data Analysis – R43012

Reforming or limiting itemized tax deductions for individuals has gained ... http://p.ost.im/8Nna7c

Syria: Overview of the Humanitarian Response – R43119

The ongoing conflict in Syria that began in March 2011 has created one of ... http://p.ost.im/8NdYPf

Daily Report of CRS Documents 02/27/2014

Thursday February 27, 2014 Order ID Title Pages Issue Date Author/Divisio ... http://p.ost.im/8NfUDA

An Overview of the Section 8 Housing Programs: Housing Choice Vouchers and Project-Based Rental Assistance – RL32284

The Section 8 low-income housing program is really two programs authorize ... http://p.ost.im/8RApCX

Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda): U.S. and International Response to Philippines Disaster – R43309

This report examines the impact of Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), which struck ... http://p.ost.im/8RwygX

The 2013 Farm Bill (P.L. 113-79): Summary and Side-by-Side – R43076

Congress periodically establishes agricultural and food policy in a multi ... http://p.ost.im/88T7hh

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress – RL32665

The Navy’s proposed FY2014 budget requested funding for the procurement ... http://p.ost.im/88hNSA

Wednesday, February 26, 2014

Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations – RL33533

The kingdom of Saudi Arabia, ruled by the Al Saud family since its foundi ... http://p.ost.im/88aBG5

China’s Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States – RL33534

Prior to the initiation of economic reforms and trade liberalization 34 y ... http://p.ost.im/8NUSnJ

Government Assistance for GMAC/Ally Financial: Unwinding the Government Stake – R41846

Ally Financial, formerly known as General Motors Acceptance Corporation o ... http://p.ost.im/8R3wDj

TRICARE and VA Health Care: Impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) – R41198

The 111th Congress passed, and the President signed into law, the Patient ... http://p.ost.im/8NBdtk

Status of the WTO Brazil-U.S. Cotton Case – R43336

The so-called “Brazil cotton case” is a long-running World Trade Orga ... http://p.ost.im/8LwTDe

China-U.S. Trade Issues – RL33536

U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past three ... http://p.ost.im/8Lwksa

Medicare Primer – R40425

Medicare is a federal program that pays for covered health care services ... http://p.ost.im/8RKVx7

Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress – R41153

The diminishment of Arctic sea ice has led to increased human activities ... http://p.ost.im/8NW8XT

Daily Report of CRS Documents 02/26/2014

Wednesday February 26, 2014 Order ID Title Pages Issue Date Author/Divis ... http://p.ost.im/8LswhL

Housing Issues in the 113th Congress – R43367

The 113th Congress has been active in considering a number of housing-rel ... http://p.ost.im/88SjwR

The Small Business Lending Fund – R42045

Congressional interest in small business access to capital has increased ... http://p.ost.im/8RtYKT

Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy – 95-1013

The uprising against Bahrain’s Al Khalifa royal family that began in Ba ... http://p.ost.im/88Mak8

Tuesday, February 25, 2014

The Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Strategy: In Brief – R43396

On the evening of October 29, 2012, Hurricane Sandy, the second-largest A ... http://p.ost.im/8LcQsQ

Navy Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) Program: Background and Issues for Congress – RL33745

The Aegis ballistic missile defense (BMD) program, which is carried out b ... http://p.ost.im/887ULr

Coast Guard Polar Icebreaker Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress – RL34391

The Coast Guard’s FY2013 budget initiated a new project for the design ... http://p.ost.im/8L9ENG

Legislative Branch Appropriations: Frequently Asked Questions – R43397

This report responds to frequently asked questions about legislative bran ... http://p.ost.im/8R9aCB

Independence of Federal Financial Regulators – R43391

Conventional wisdom regarding regulators is that the structure and design ... http://p.ost.im/8LEkcp

Reducing Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Military Retirees and the Bipartisan Budget Act: In Brief – R43393

In addition to raising budget caps in FY2014 and FY2015, the Bipartisan B ... http://p.ost.im/8NACbp

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies – 98-446

This list of about 200 congressional liaison offices is intended to help ... http://p.ost.im/8LgcB3

Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program: Issues and Reform Proposals – RL34002

The Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher program provides monthly rental assi ... http://p.ost.im/8LCqFQ

Daily Report of CRS Documents 02/25/2014

Tuesday February 25, 2014 Order ID Title Pages Issue Date Author/Divisio ... http://p.ost.im/8LnhnK

The Debt Limit Since 2011 – R43389

The Constitution grants Congress the power to borrow money on the credit ... http://p.ost.im/8RfPB7

Efforts to Delay the Gradual Elimination of Flood Insurance Premium Subsidies – R43395

On July 6, 2012, President Barack Obama signed into law the Biggert-Water ... http://p.ost.im/88x9RE

Broadband Loan and Grant Programs in the USDA’s Rural Utilities Service – RL33816

Given the large potential impact broadband access may have on the economi ... http://p.ost.im/8RwCW7

Monday, February 24, 2014

Older Americans Act: Funding Formulas – RS22549

The Older Americans Act (OAA) is the major vehicle for the delivery of so ... http://p.ost.im/88tqR5

Section 202 and Other HUD Rental Housing Programs for Low-Income Elderly Residents – RL33508

The population of persons age 65 and older in the United States is expect ... http://p.ost.im/88pWGR

Daily Report of CRS Documents 02/24/2014

Monday February 24, 2014 Order ID Title Pages Issue Date Author/Division ... http://p.ost.im/8L8hgg

Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS): Background and Funding – RL33308

The Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) program was created by Ti ... http://p.ost.im/8R34CH

Agricultural Disaster Assistance – RS21212

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) offers several permanently auth ... http://p.ost.im/88YwFF

The Peace Corps: Current Issues – RS21168

Founded in 1961, the Peace Corps has sought to meet its legislative manda ... http://p.ost.im/8LqkV9

The First Responder Network and Next- Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress – R42543

Since September 11, 2001, when communications failures contributed to the ... http://p.ost.im/8RWjTh

Haiti Under President Martelly: Current Conditions and Congressional Concerns – R42559

Haiti shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. Since ... http://p.ost.im/8R3RMH

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy – RL33460

Many observers have expressed concern about Ukraine’s democratic develo ... http://p.ost.im/8LBNY5

Navy Ship Names: Background For Congress – RS22478

Names for Navy ships traditionally have been chosen and announced by the ... http://p.ost.im/88tWVE

Proposals to Change Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation’s (PBGC) Premium Structure: Issues for Congress – R42521

This report provides background and analysis of the premiums charged by t ... http://p.ost.im/882U9g

Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits – RL33362

Several types of benefits may be available to unemployed workers to provi ... http://p.ost.im/88fPeQ

Friday, February 21, 2014

Water Resource Issues in the 113th Congress: Second Session – R42947

The 113th Congress faces many issues related to water resource developmen ... http://p.ost.im/8J4rWW

Medicare Home Health Benefit Primer: Benefit Basics and Issues – R42998

The Medicare home health benefit provides coverage for home visits by ski ... http://p.ost.im/8dnY4N

Continuing Resolutions: Overview of Components and Recent Practices – R42647

Congress uses an annual appropriations process to fund the routine activi ... http://p.ost.im/8J3Afp

Income Eligibility and Rent in HUD Rental Assistance Programs: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions – R42734

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) administers five ma ... http://p.ost.im/8dhRV6

Clean Air Issues in the 113th Congress: An Overview – R42895

As the 113th Congress continues consideration of air quality issues, over ... http://p.ost.im/8e7kYj

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2014 Budget and Appropriations – R43043

On April 10, 2013, the Obama Administration submitted to Congress its bud ... http://p.ost.im/8d9A5k

Gun Control Legislation in the 113th Congress – R42987

Congress has debated the efficacy and constitutionality of federal regula ... http://p.ost.im/8dxxWK

Federal Reserve: Unconventional Monetary Policy Options – R42962

The “Great Recession” and the ensuing weak recovery have led the Fede ... http://p.ost.im/REP3EE

Unemployment Insurance: Legislative Issues in the 113th Congress – R42936

The 113th Congress may face a number of issues related to unemployment in ... http://p.ost.im/8Jy5DW

Regular Appropriations Bills: Terms of Initial Consideration and Amendment in the House, FY1996-FY2012 – R42933

Each year, Congress considers appropriations measures that provide fundin ... http://p.ost.im/8davKq

Overview and Issues for Implementation of the Federal Cloud Computing Initiative: Implications for Federal Information Technology Reform Management – R42887

Cloud computing is a new name for an old concept: the delivery of computi ... http://p.ost.im/8JMxqt

Chemical Facility Security: Issues and Options for the 113th Congress – R42918

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has statutory authority to regu ... http://p.ost.im/8RF24t

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: Issues in the U.S. Ratification Debate – R42749

During the 113th Congress, the Senate might consider providing its advice ... http://p.ost.im/8e6bMH

The 2013 Farm Bill: A Comparison of the Conference Agreement with the Senate-Passes (S. 954) and House- Passed (H.R. 2642, H.R. 3102) Bills – R43076

Congress periodically establishes agricultural and food policy in a multi ... http://p.ost.im/8RJXut

The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA): Issues for the 113th Congress – R42886

The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), a ... http://p.ost.im/8eWM3F

Daily Report of CRS Documents 02/21/2014

Friday February 21, 2014 Order ID Title Pages Issue Date Author/Division ... http://p.ost.im/8JaNKG

Thursday, February 20, 2014

Community Development Block Grants: Recent Funding History – R43394

The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program, administered by the ... http://p.ost.im/8e3FFP

Securing U.S. Diplomatic Facilities and Personnel Abroad: Legislative and Executive Branch Initiatives – R43195

The September 11, 2012, attack on U.S. facilities in Benghazi, Libya, pro ... http://p.ost.im/8e5WT4

Independence of Federal Financial Regulators – R43391

Conventional wisdom regarding regulators is that the structure and design ... http://p.ost.im/REC3Xr

Legislative Actions to Repeal, Defund, or Delay the Affordable Care Act – R43289

Congress is deeply divided over implementation of the Patient Protection ... http://p.ost.im/8djTEj

Insurance Agent Licensing: Overview and Background on Federal "NARAB" Legislation – R43095

The individual states have been the primary regulators of insurance in th ... http://p.ost.im/8JF5pf

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) Negotiations – R43387

In February 2013, U.S. and European Union (EU) leaders announced plans to ... http://p.ost.im/8Jfw48

Upcoming Rules Pursuant to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: The Fall 2013 Unified Agenda – R43386

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, as amended) was sign ... http://p.ost.im/8J5Wj5

U.S. Rail Transportation of Crude Oil: Background and Issues for Congress – R43390

North America is experiencing a boom in crude oil supply, primarily due t ... http://p.ost.im/8dckMh

Daily Report of CRS Documents 02/20/2014

Thursday February 20, 2014 Order ID Title Pages Issue Date Author/Divisi ... http://p.ost.im/8d44YD

Reducing Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Military Retirees and the Bipartisan Budget Act: In Brief – R43393

In addition to raising budget caps in FY2014 and FY2015, the Bipartisan B ... http://p.ost.im/8evRvs

Early Release for Federal Inmates: Fact Sheet – R43392

Congress has shown interest in ways to reduce the size of the federal pri ... http://p.ost.im/RKWnGw

The Debt Limit Since 2011 – R43389

The Constitution grants Congress the power to borrow money on the credit ... http://p.ost.im/8dSyXU

Transportation Spending and “Buy America” Requirements – R43388

The Buy America Act is the popular name for a group of domestic content r ... http://p.ost.im/8ehbfX

Bangladesh Apparel Factory Collapse: Background in Brief – R43085

The April 24, 2013, collapse of an eight-story garment factory, called Ra ... http://p.ost.im/8RrfQE

Wednesday, February 19, 2014

The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress – RL33608

On March 15, 2006, the U.N. General Assembly passed a resolution replacin ... http://p.ost.im/8JugxR

Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA): A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements – RL31243

This report summarizes the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and its major p ... http://p.ost.im/8dV28g

Representatives and Senators: Trends in Member Characteristics Since 1945 – R42365

Questions about the characteristics of Members of Congress, including the ... http://p.ost.im/8dqST7

Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress – RL32418

The Navy has been procuring Virginia (SSN-774) class nuclear-powered atta ... http://p.ost.im/8ec69m

National Park System: What Do the Different Park Titles Signify? – R41816

Congress names individual units of the National Park System in the enabli ... http://p.ost.im/8dERV4

Daily Report of CRS Documents 02/19/2014

Wednesday February 19, 2014 Order ID Title Pages Issue Date Author/Divisi ... http://p.ost.im/8dJHU8

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA): Background, Legislation, and Policy Issues – R41933

The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA; 5 U.S.C. §552) allows any perso ... http://p.ost.im/8JVEdB

U.S.-Taiwan Relationship: Overview of Policy Issues – R41952

The purpose and scope of this CRS report is to provide a succinct overvie ... http://p.ost.im/8dDXW4

Unemployment Insurance: Consequences of Changes in State Unemployment Compensation Laws – R41859

This report analyzes several types of recent changes to state Unemploymen ... http://p.ost.im/REKVkP

Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress – R41909

Multiyear procurement (MYP) and block buy contracting (BBC) are special c ... http://p.ost.im/8dcm2B

Primer on Disability Benefits: Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) – RL32279

In general, the goal of disability insurance is to replace a portion of a ... http://p.ost.im/8d9bPR

LIHEAP: Program and Funding – RL31865

The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP), established in 19 ... http://p.ost.im/8RdpBW

Monuments and Memorials Authorized Under the Commemorative Works Act in the District of Columbia: Background and Current Developments – R42128

Since the enactment of the Commemorative Works Act (CWA) in 1986, Congres ... http://p.ost.im/8d9hvx

An Analysis of STEM Education Funding at the NSF: Trends and Policy Discussion – R42470

Federal policy makers have a long-standing interest in science, technolog ... http://p.ost.im/8R8vB2

Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Essential Air Service: Frequently Asked Questions – R41666

On February 14, 2012, President Obama signed into law a four-year reautho ... http://p.ost.im/8dyuB7

Navy Shipboard Lasers for Surface, Air, and Missile Defense: Background and Issues for Congress – R41526

Department of Defense (DOD) development work on high-energy military lase ... http://p.ost.im/8dmHhr

The Help America Vote Act and Election Administration: Overview and Issues – RS20898

The deadlocked November 2000 presidential election focused national atten ... http://p.ost.im/8RFCeT

Abortion and Family Planning-Related Provisions in U.S. Foreign Assistance Legislation and Policy – R41360

Luisa Blanchfield Specialist in International Relations This report detai ... http://p.ost.im/RES7W8

Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress – R41129

The Navy’s proposed FY2014 budget requested $1,083.7 million for contin ... http://p.ost.im/8dUR7e

Military Funeral Honors and Military Cemetaries: Frequently Asked Questions – RS21545

This report is written in response to frequently asked questions (FAQs) a ... http://p.ost.im/8dSNbk

Fatherhood Initiatives: Connecting Fathers to Their Children – RL31025

In 2013, almost 25% of families with children (under age 18) were maintai ... http://p.ost.im/8dD532

The Federal Excise Tax on Motor Fuels and the Highway Trust Fund: Current Law and Legislative History – RL30304

The federal government levies an excise tax on various motor fuels. Under ... http://p.ost.im/8eCSaV

Daily Report of CRS Documents 02/18/2014

Tuesday February 18, 2014 Order ID Title Pages Issue Date Author/Division ... http://p.ost.im/8JDfvW

Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation – RL30442

The causes of homelessness and determining how best to assist those who f ... http://p.ost.im/8dbvgk

Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress – RS20643

CVN-78, CVN-79, and CVN-80 are the first three ships in the Navy’s new ... http://p.ost.im/8RYCMT

SBA Small Business Investment Company Program – R41456

The Small Business Administration’s (SBA’s) Small Business Investment ... http://p.ost.im/8JxJcP

Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances – RL31139

Restrictions on travel to Cuba have been a key and often contentious comp ... http://p.ost.im/8JYdFk

Small Business: Access to Capital and Job Creation – R40985

The SBA administers several programs to support small businesses, includi ... http://p.ost.im/8d5VDx

The Social Security Number: Legal Developments Affecting Its Collection, Disclosure, and Confidentiality – RL30318

While the social security number (SSN) was first introduced as a device f ... http://p.ost.im/8JUpbN

The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act: Overview and Issues – RS20764

Members of the uniformed services and U.S. citizens who live abroad are e ... http://p.ost.im/8d82UK

Monday, February 17, 2014

The Specialty Metal Clause: Oversight Issues and Options for Congress – RL33751

Valerie Bailey Grasso Specialist in Defense Acquisition This report exami ... http://p.ost.im/8dp7px

Yemen: Background and U.S. Relations – RL34170

Jeremy M. Sharp Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs This report provides ... http://p.ost.im/RE7EUK

Section 811 and Other HUD Housing Programs for Persons with Disabilities – RL34728

Libby Perl Specialist in Housing Policy The ability of persons with disab ... http://p.ost.im/8Ja5aF

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child – R40484

Luisa Blanchfield Specialist in International Relations U.S. ratification ... http://p.ost.im/8RLKFN

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights – RS21968

Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs More than two years ... http://p.ost.im/8egLet

Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program – RS22416

Nathan James Analyst in Crime Policy The Edward Byrne Memorial Justice As ... http://p.ost.im/8JFU2q

Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress – RS22373

Ronald ORourke Specialist in Naval Affairs The Navy for several years has ... http://p.ost.im/8dqrBd

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013 – 97-615

Ida A. Brudnick Specialist on the Congress The U.S. Constitution, in Arti ... http://p.ost.im/8JSGs3

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress – RL33741

Ronald ORourke Specialist in Naval Affairs The Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) ... http://p.ost.im/8Jn5yJ

The President’s Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): Issues for Congress – RL34736

John F. Sargent Jr. Specialist in Science and Technology Policy Dana A. S ... http://p.ost.im/8JNrfa

Water Quality Issues in the 113th Congress: An Overview – R42883

Claudia Copeland Specialist in Resources and Environmental Policy Much pr ... http://p.ost.im/8dqxwg

Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service – RS22440

Julie M. Whittaker Specialist in Income Security The Unemployment Compens ... http://p.ost.im/REsay8

The European Parliament – RS21998

Kristin Archick Specialist in European Affairs The 766-member European Pa ... http://p.ost.im/8dq36t

Daily Report of CRS Documents 02/17/2014

Monday February 17, 2014 Order ID Title Pages Issue Date Author/Division ... http://p.ost.im/8eQqKj

Friday, February 14, 2014

Daily Report of CRS Documents 02/14/2014

Friday February 14, 2014 Order ID Title Pages Issue Date Author/Division ... http://p.ost.im/8J7G7E

Mexico: Background and U.S. Relations – R42917

Clare Ribando Seelke Specialist in Latin American Affairs Congress has ma ... http://p.ost.im/8JuqeG

Biological Opinions for the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta: A Case Law Summary – R41876

Kristina Alexander Legislative Attorney For decades biologists, water use ... http://p.ost.im/8J5TBn

State Small Business Credit Initiative: Implementation and Funding Issues – R42581

Robert Jay Dilger Senior Specialist in American National Government Congr ... http://p.ost.im/8J2kSR

Oversight and Legal Enforcement of the National Mortgage Settlement – R42919

David H. Carpenter Legislative Attorney In Autumn 2010, all 50 state atto ... http://p.ost.im/8JfCHF

Cuba: U.S. Policy and Issues for the 113th Congress – R43024

Mark P. Sullivan Specialist in Latin American Affairs Cuba remains a one- ... http://p.ost.im/8JrQDw

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) – R42999

Luisa Blanchfield Specialist in International Relations Marjorie Ann Brow ... http://p.ost.im/8eFmaT

Agriculture and Related Agencies: FY2014 Appropriations – R43110

Jim Monke Specialist in Agricultural Policy The annual Agriculture approp ... http://p.ost.im/8e6r3v

State Government Fiscal Stress and Federal Assistance – R41773

Robert Jay Dilger Senior Specialist in American National Government No tw ... http://p.ost.im/8JsVDw

USDA’s “GIPSA Rule” on Livestock and Poultry Marketing Practices – R41673

Joel L. Greene Analyst in Agricultural Policy The 2008 farm bill (P.L. 11 ... http://p.ost.im/8esBht

The National Defense Authorization Act for FY2012 and Beyond: Detainee Matters – R42143

Jennifer K. Elsea Legislative Attorney Michael John Garcia Legislative At ... http://p.ost.im/8eGqbf

Domestic Food Assistance: Summary of Programs – R42353

Randy Alison Aussenberg Analyst in Nutrition Assistance Policy Kirsten J. ... http://p.ost.im/8JDPeu

The Obama Administration’s Proposal to Establish a National Network for Manufacturing Innovation – R42625

John F. Sargent Jr Specialist in Science and Technology Policy Manufactur ... http://p.ost.im/8Jg3pP

The Impact of Sequestration on Unemployment Insurance Benefits: Frequently Asked Questions – R43133

Katelin P. Isaacs Analyst in Income Security Julie M. Whittaker Specialis ... http://p.ost.im/8e4rQ7

Retirement Benefits for Federal Law Enforcement Personnel – R42631

Katelin P. Isaacs Analyst in Income Security Federal employees who perfor ... http://p.ost.im/8d83mT

Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits – R42326

David H. Carpenter Legislative Attorney For decades, federal policymakers ... http://p.ost.im/8JrTN7

Burma’s Political Prisoners and U.S. Sanctions – R42363

Michael F. Martin Specialist in Asian Affairs The release of all Burma’ ... http://p.ost.im/8eaFnT

District of Columbia: A Brief Review of Provisions in District of Columbia Appropriations Acts Restricting the Funding of Abortion Services – R41772

Eugene Boyd Analyst in Federalism and Economic Development Policy The pub ... http://p.ost.im/8eqLbL

Discretionary Budget Authority by Subfunction: An Overview – R41726

D. Andrew Austin Analyst in Economic Policy This report provides a graphi ... http://p.ost.im/8eGrCg

Algae’s Potential as a Transportation Biofuel – R42122

Kelsi Bracmort Specialist in Agricultural Conservation and Natural Resour ... http://p.ost.im/8ecVaL

Thursday, February 13, 2014

Food Safety Issues for the 113th Congress – R42885

Renée Johnson Specialist in Agricultural Policy Congress passed compreh ... http://p.ost.im/REMSwA

Reauthorization of SNAP and Other Nutrition Programs in the Next Farm Bill: Issues for the 113th Congress – R43332

Randy Alison Aussenberg Analyst in Nutrition Assistance Policy The 113th ... http://p.ost.im/REDSCY

Small Business Management and Technical Assistance Training Programs – R41352

Robert Jay Dilger Senior Specialist in American National Government The S ... http://p.ost.im/REjYaA

Programs Available to Unemployed Workers through the American Job Center Network – R43301

Benjamin Collins Analyst in Labor Policy David H. Bradley Specialist in L ... http://p.ost.im/RKhH2h

Community Development Block Grants: Funding Issues in the 113th Congress – R43208

Eugene Boyd Analyst in Federalism and Economic Development Policy On Janu ... http://p.ost.im/RKNprc

Multiemployer Defined Benefit (DB) Pension Plans: A Primer and Analysis of Policy Options – R43305

John J. Topoleski Analyst in Income Security Multiemployer defined benefi ... http://p.ost.im/REApDg

Health Care for Veterans: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions – R42747

Sidath Viranga Panangala Specialist in Veterans Policy Erin Bagalman Anal ... http://p.ost.im/RK8QTK

Elementary and Secondary School Teachers: Policy Context, Federal Programs, and ESEA Reauthorization Issues – R41267

Jeffrey J. Kuenzi Specialist in Education Policy The Elementary and Secon ... http://p.ost.im/RKAquv

Medicaid Disproportionate Share Hospital Payments – R42865

Alison Mitchell Analyst in Health Care Financing The Medicaid statute req ... http://p.ost.im/RKFnSj

The Self-Employment Assistance (SEA) Program – R41253

Katelin P. Isaacs Analyst in Income Security Self-employment is one poten ... http://p.ost.im/RwKf3L

Disability Benefits Available Under the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Veterans Disability Compensation (VDC) Programs – R41289

Umar Moulta-Ali Analyst in Disability Policy Social Security Disability I ... http://p.ost.im/RKg9L4

Individual Mandate under ACA – R41331

Annie L. Mach Analyst in Health Care Financing Beginning in 2014, ACA req ... http://p.ost.im/RK5cFK

The Crime Victims Fund: Federal Support for Victims of Crime – R42672

Lisa N. Sacco Analyst in Illicit Drugs and Crime Policy In 1984, the Crim ... http://p.ost.im/REhF8t

The Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve and the National Oilheat Research Alliance – R43235

Anthony Andrews Specialist in Energy Policy During the winter of 1999-200 ... http://p.ost.im/RKbkEE

Wednesday, February 12, 2014

Asian Carp and the Great Lakes Region – R41082

Charles V. Stern Specialist in Natural Resources Policy Harold F. Upton A ... http://p.ost.im/RtsjMS

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean – RL33200

Clare Ribando Seelke Specialist in Latin American Affairs Trafficking in ... http://p.ost.im/Rvucfd

Products Liability: A Legal Overview – R40148

Vivian S. Chu Legislative Attorney Products liability generally refers to ... http://p.ost.im/RGa2LG

Medicaid and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP ) Provisions in ACA: Summary and Timeline – R41210

Evelyne P. Baumrucker Analyst in Health Care Financing Cliff Binder Analy ... http://p.ost.im/RcHERF

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Block Grant: An Introduction – R40946

Gene Falk Specialist in Social Policy The Temporary Assistance for Needy ... http://p.ost.im/RcJXLc

Federal Employees’ Retirement System: Benefits and Financing – 98-810

Katelin P. Isaacs Analyst in Income Security Most civilian federal employ ... http://p.ost.im/RTVwr6

Iran Sanctions – RS20871

Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs Strict sanctions on Ira ... http://p.ost.im/RvVYQY

Army Corps of Engineers Water Resource Authorization, Appropriations and Activites – R41243

Nicole T. Carter Specialist in Natural Resources Policy Charles V. Stern ... http://p.ost.im/RvvxnP

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant: A Primer on TANF Financing and Federal Requirements – RL32748

Gene Falk Specialist in Social Policy The Temporary Assistance for Needy ... http://p.ost.im/RvuM3p

Agriculture in the WTO: Limits on Domestic Support – RS20840

Randy Schnepf Specialist in Agricultural Policy Omnibus U.S. farm legislatio ... http://p.ost.im/R7CnDf

Venue: A Legal Analysis of Where a Federal Crime May Be Tried – RL33223

Charles Doyle Senior Specialist in American Public Law The United States ... http://p.ost.im/RT44YH

Legal Protections for Subcontractors on Federal Prime Contracts – R41230

Kate M. Manuel Legislative Attorney Payment and other protections for sub ... http://p.ost.im/RTdqmF

Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations – RL33546

Jeremy M. Sharp Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs This report provides ... http://p.ost.im/R7Hyrj

Unauthorized Aliens Residing in the United States: Estimates Since 1986 – RL33874

Ruth Ellen Wasem Specialist in Immigration Policy Estimates derived from ... http://p.ost.im/RtaaNr

Tuesday, February 11, 2014

“Leahy Law” Human Rights Provisions and Security Assistance: Issue Overview – R43361

Nina M. Serafino Coordinator, Specialist in International Security Affair ... http://p.ost.im/RsTevM

Federal Funding of Presidential Nominating Conventions: Overview and Policy Options – RL34630

R. Sam Garrett Specialist in American National Government Shawn Reese Ana ... http://p.ost.im/Rthht7

Public Financing of Presidential Campaigns: Overview and Analysis – RL34534

R. Sam Garrett Specialist in American National Government The presidentia ... http://p.ost.im/RT4q8q

The Palestinians: Background and U.S. Relations – RL34074

Jim Zanotti Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs This report covers curre ... http://p.ost.im/RcgceJ

Political Transition in Tunisia – RS21666

Alexis Arieff Analyst in African Affairs Carla E. Humud Analyst in Middle ... http://p.ost.im/RTayWJ

Wildfire Protection in the Wildland-Urban Interface – RS21880

Kelsi Bracmort Specialist in Agricultural Conservation and Natural Resour ... http://p.ost.im/RTWLRS

International Parental Child Abductions – RS21261

Alison M. Smith Legislative Attorney International child custody disputes ... http://p.ost.im/RGRQTH

Crisis in the Central African Republic – R43377

Alexis Arieff Analyst in African Affairs This report provides background ... http://p.ost.im/RTbmrY

Medicaid: An Overview – R43357

Alison Mitchell Coordinator, Analyst in Health Care Financing Evelyne P. ... http://p.ost.im/R7Nyc3

Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments – RL34751

David F. Burrelli Specialist in Military Manpower Policy Barbara Salazar ... http://p.ost.im/Rnu5Tr

Congressional Action on FY2014 Appropriations Measures – R43338

Jessica Tollestrup Analyst on Congress and the Legislative Process The an ... http://p.ost.im/RG7daE

Legal Services Corporation: Background and Funding – RL34016

Carmen Solomon-Fears Specialist in Social Policy The Legal Services Corpo ... http://p.ost.im/RcYhQD

Individual Development Accounts (IDAs): Background on Federal Grant Programs to Help Low-Income Families Save – RS22185

Gene Falk Specialist in Social Policy Individual Development Accounts (ID ... http://p.ost.im/Rtk7hp

Kuwait: Security, Reform, and U.S. Policy – RS21513

Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs Kuwait has been pivo ... http://p.ost.im/RWy4pn

CRS Issue Statement on Europe: Regional Policy, Bilateral Relations, and Key Issues – R43375

Derek E. Mix Coordinator Analyst in European Affairs THIS IS THE ENTIRE R ... http://p.ost.im/RteJLM

Monday, February 10, 2014

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods and the WTO Trade Dispute on Meat Labeling – RS22955

Remy Jurenas Specialist in Agricultural Policy Joel L. Greene Analyst in ... http://p.ost.im/RcLwGs

Gulf Coast Restoration: RESTORE Act and Related Efforts – R43380

Pervaze A. Sheikh Specialist in Natural Resources Policy Jonathan L. Rams ... http://p.ost.im/Rc6ctQ

An Overview of USDA Rural Development Programs – RL31837

Tadlock Cowan Analyst in Natural Resources and Rural Development More tha ... http://p.ost.im/RcxEDD

Qatar: Background and U.S. Relations – RL31718

Christopher M. Blanchard Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs Qatar, a sm ... http://p.ost.im/RvDcyQ

The Child Care and Development Block Grant: Background and Funding – RL30785

Karen E. Lynch Specialist in Social Policy The Child Care and Development ... http://p.ost.im/RTHA5H

Venue: A Brief Look at Federal Law Governing Where a Federal Crime May Be Tried – RS22361

Charles Doyle Senior Specialist in American Public Law The United States ... http://p.ost.im/RTu2Pe

Overview of Labor Enforcement Issues in Free Trade Agreements – RS22823

Mary Jane Bolle Specialist in International Trade and Finance Since 1993, ... http://p.ost.im/RTv79N

An Analysis of the Geographic Distribution of the Mortgage Interest Deduction – R43385

Mark P. Keightley Specialist in Economics This report analyzes variation ... http://p.ost.im/RcR86R

The 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics: Security and Human Rights Issues – R43383

Jim Nichol Coordinator Specialist in Russian and Eurasian Affairs Elaine ... http://p.ost.im/Rt8RvX

Millennium Challenge Corporation – RL32427

Curt Tarnoff Specialist in Foreign Affairs The Millennium Challenge Corpo ... http://p.ost.im/Rv4Are

Emergency Relief for Disaster Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief – R43384

Robert S. Kirk, Specialist in Transportation Policy Major roads and bridg ... http://p.ost.im/RcPasE

Dynamic Scoring for Tax Legislation: A Review of Models – R43381

Jane G. Gravelle Senior Specialist in Economic Policy Dynamic scoring for ... http://p.ost.im/Rn7Qrs

Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer – RS22937

Paul K. Kerr Analyst in Nonproliferation Mary Beth Nikitin Specialist in ... http://p.ost.im/RWVHn2

Friday, February 7, 2014

P.L. 111-3: The Children’s Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 – R40226

Evelyne P. Baumrucker Analyst in Health Care Financing Elicia J. Herz Spe ... http://p.ost.im/R7MmBp

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) – 94-486

Umar Moulta-Ali Analyst in Disability Policy The Supplemental Security In ... http://p.ost.im/RvwmbF

Electronic Employment Eligibility Verification – R40446

Andorra Bruno Specialist in Immigration Policy Comprehensive immigration ... http://p.ost.im/R76tb5

Identity Theft: Trends and Issues – R40599

Kristin M. Finklea Specialist in Domestic Security In the current fiscal ... http://p.ost.im/RGuheX

Vulnerable Youth: Employment and Job Training Programs – R40929

Adrienne L. Fernandes-Alcantaga Specialist in Social Policy In an increas ... http://p.ost.im/R7YN2m

Multifamily and Commercial Mortgages: An Overview of Issues – R41046

N. Eric Weiss Specialist in Financial Economics As the recovery from the ... http://p.ost.im/R7hpNG

Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS): Current Legislative Issues – R40709

Nathan James Analyst in Crime Policy The Community Oriented Policing Serv ... http://p.ost.im/R79ys8

Federal Student Loans Made Under the Federal Family Education Loan Program and the William D Ford Federal Direct Loan Program: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers – R40122

David P. Smole Specialist in Education Policy The William D. Ford Federal ... http://p.ost.im/RcDjFd

Block Grants: Perspectives and Controversies – R40486

Robert Jay Dilger Senior Specialist in American National Government Eugen ... http://p.ost.im/RndV4b

The President’s State of the Union Address: Tradition, Function, and Policy Implications – R40132

Colleen J. Shogan Deputy Director and Senior Specialist Thomas H. Neale S ... http://p.ost.im/RWkpNs

Thursday, February 6, 2014

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses – RL32048

Kenneth Katzman Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs A priority of Obama ... http://p.ost.im/Rt9JS7

Delphi Corporation: Pension Plans and Bankruptcy – R42076

John J. Topoleski Analyst in Income Security The Delphi Corporation is a ... http://p.ost.im/RGnANw

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding – RL32341

Lennard G. Kruger Specialist in Science and Technology Policy The Assista ... http://p.ost.im/RcysJv

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic – R42507

Rita Tehan Information Research Specialist This report provides reference ... http://p.ost.im/RvWVTp

Border Security: Immigration Enforcement Between Ports of Entry – R42138

Lisa Seghetti Section Research Manager Border enforcement is a core eleme ... http://p.ost.im/RcxeGf

Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program: Overview and Current Issues – R41934

William R. Morton Analyst in Income Security Title I of the Ticket to Wor ... http://p.ost.im/RcuP88

Controversies over Redefining “Fill Material” Under the Clean Water Act – RL31411

Claudia Copeland Specialist in Resources and Environmental Policy In May ... http://p.ost.im/RWCP8F

“Who is a Veteran?”-Basic Eligibility for Veterans’ Benefits – R42324

Umar Moulta-Ali Analyst in Disability Policy A broad range of benefits ar ... http://p.ost.im/RtLgeB

The Social Security Retirement Age: In Brief – R41962

Gary Sidor Information Research Specialist Two important ages may affect ... http://p.ost.im/RT6Psy

Detention of U.S. Persons as Enemy Belligerents – R42337

Jennifer K. Elsea Legislative Attorney The detainee provisions passed as ... http://p.ost.im/R78jDb

Wednesday, February 5, 2014

The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA): Issues for the 113th Congress – R42886

Linda K. Moore Specialist in Telecommunications Policy The National Telec ... http://p.ost.im/RcNyMT

Overview of the Federal Tax System – RL32808

Molly F. Sherlock Specialist in Public Finance Donald J. Marples Speciali ... http://p.ost.im/Rvs66u

SBA Veterans Assistance Programs: An Analysis of Contemporary Issues – R42695

Robert Jay Dilger Senior Specialist in American National Government Sean ... http://p.ost.im/RtyVLM

United States Fire Administration: An Overview – RS20071

Lennard G. Kruger Specialist in Science and Technology Policy The United ... http://p.ost.im/RtRnUK

Small Business Administration: A Primer on Programs – RL33243

Robert Jay Dilger Senior Specialist in American National Government Sean ... http://p.ost.im/RnT4jF

Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2013 Appropriations – R42578

Libby Perl Specialist in Housing Policy David Randall Peterman Analyst in ... http://p.ost.im/R7Fg25

International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress, Second Session – R42882

William H. Cooper Coordinator Specialist in International Trade and Finan ... http://p.ost.im/RvEw8B

Organization of American States: Background and Issues for Congress – R42639

Peter J. Meyer Analyst in Latin American Affairs The Organization of Amer ... http://p.ost.im/RcrrnY

International Law and Agreements: Their Effect Upon U.S. Law – RL32528

Michael John Garcia Legislative Attorney This report provides an introduc ... http://p.ost.im/RvGtJt

Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program – RL33375

Lennard G. Kruger Specialist in Science and Technology Policy In response ... http://p.ost.im/RvhsAm

Tuesday, February 4, 2014

An Overview of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas: Resources and Federal Actions – R43148

Michael Ratner Specialist in Energy Policy Mary Tiemann Specialist in Env ... http://p.ost.im/R7H2F7

Abortion: Judicial History and Legislative Response – RL33467

Jon O. Shimabukuro Legislative Attorney In 1973, the U.S. Supreme Court c ... http://p.ost.im/Rc6ewJ